Ranchi University was established on July 12, 1960, for providing higher education to the local population especially the tribal population of the region. Initially the University which started with 10 postgraduate departments, one constituent college, currently has 23 post graduate departments, 15 constituent colleges, and 49 affiliated colleges, imparting teaching in medicine, psychiatry, law, engineering, business management, education, and general courses. Besides these institutions there is UGC sponsored Academic Staff College. Some departments of the University has been a centre of excellence and one such is the University department of Geology which has been by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) under FIST programme. Beside regular courses, Ranchi University also offers post graduate level Self Financing/Vocational courses namely L.L.M., M.B.A., M.C.A., M.Sc in Electronics & Communication, P.G Diploma in Medicinal Plant & P.G. Diploma in Plant Bio- Technology.